The native from America, maize today is the staple cereal across the world. One could easily assess its prominence in the industry as the production of maize surpassed the wheat and rice. Traditionally a feed grain, maize is now consumed by everyone, and its distinct qualities make it a viable option for many purposes. There are different types of maize/corn, which are basically distinguished based on their kernel.
Types of Maize
As the name suggests, it has this unique quality to pop due to the extensive expansion in the moisture while heating. The kernels are small in size, having a higher proportion of hard endosperm starch.
The kernels of this corn contain soft endosperm starch inside, which is enclosed by a hard and tough outer shell. It shrinks uniformly as they keep growing.
It is also known as cow corn and husk corn. The kernels are walled in a pod or husk. Usually, it is not grown commercially.
It is the widely cultivated corn across the world. It is also known as the yellow dent corn. At maturity, the crown of kernel gets a deposition due to the ripening.
The kernels of this corn contain soft starchy endosperm. Just like the flint corns, its kernels are round and smooth. On the sides, it has a thin layer of hard starch. It is also known as soft corn.
The kernels of this corn get wrinkled at the maturity stage. The endosperm mainly contains the sugar and the starch, which gives it a sweet taste. This corn is majorly grown in the USA.
The endosperm has a waxy look when the kernel is broken or cut. Due to its unique sticky character, they are majorly used for making adhesives. Also, the textile and paper industry uses this corn.